Driving into the Future with Automotive Technology
The car is the most complex electronic device many of us will buy. The Arm architecture is a key enabler of automotive technology, with more than 85 percent of infotainment systems and many under-the-hood applications powered by Arm-based chips. Autonomous driving is the next frontier for car manufacturers; it will be a revolution that changes the concept of mobility as we know it. Arm is playing a role in this transformation by providing high-performance compute platforms, meeting the power-efficient energy requirements that allow manufacturers to deploy autonomous vehicles at scale, and turn concept into reality.
Click the hotspots to find out about the evolution of the car cockpit.
Level of autonomy as defined by the society of automotive engineers (SAE).
Vehicles equipped with high levels of autonomy will likely require at least 100 times more compute performance by 2024 compared with 2016 models. As car makers face the impending challenges of broad deployment of highly autonomous vehicles, they need safe, efficient compute platforms to facilitate this rapid evolution. Arm delivers the best combination of compute performance and efficiency within the strict size and power constraints of a vehicle, enabling OEMs to not only develop but also effectively deploy autonomous driving technology.
Functional safety is an essential requirement for many automotive applications that demand a high level of reliability. All new Arm processors will have proven systematic capability for functional safety. Arm is investing in the broadest functional safety solutions in the industry, including processors with systematic capability for ASIL D, Software Test Libraries (STLs), and a comprehensive software safety package for the Arm compiler C/C++ toolchain.
Arm automotive-related processors with systematic capability are available with a comprehensive functional safety package that accelerates the safety aspects of a complete chip design. Arm is also at the forefront of developing processor technology that supports functional safety within the ISO 26262 international standard.
Automotive isn’t just one singular challenge. Arm technology can power the entire car, but the technology can only be deployed in conjunction with our ecosystem of hardware and software partners. The Arm Automotive Developer Community (AADC) is a showcase and global directory for developers seeking automotive solutions. It provides a central location to start research on any element of a new ECU, and it allows developers to harness the innovation available within the Arm ecosystem.
Autonomous and ADAS
The automotive industry is partnering with Arm and its ecosystem to help solve the challenge of the large amounts of computational power needed to sense, perceive, and react while staying within the strict power, space, and thermal requirements of a modern vehicle. Cortex-A and Cortex-R processors from Arm provide the perfect platform to build complex autonomous compute systems that process from the initial sensor fusion applications to the objection identification and perception processing—and through to the final real-time safety-critical actuation function.
Learn more about how Arm technology can power the entire connected autonomous vehicle.
Cortex-R52 delivers the highest level of integrated capability for functional safety of any Arm processor. Cortex-R52 is designed to meet the rising performance needs of advanced real-time embedded systems, such as powertrain and sensor applications, and in the decision and actuation phases of ADAS and autonomous systems.
The first automotive-grade image signal processor from Arm was developed for the smart automotive market, delivering key visual information to the driver via the cockpit display, or directly to computer vision systems for ADAS applications. Mali-C71 also supports the requirements of system-level ASIL-D functional safety for a variety of automotive applications, from ADAS and all-round vehicle awareness to mirror replacement and night vision enhancement.
Mali Graphics Processors
IVI and cockpit systems provide ever more immersive experiences. Mali GPUs provide the graphical processing power to enable these experiences, which will become increasingly important as cars become more able to drive themselves.
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Autonomous driving is one of the most exciting applications of computing currently in development. Arm commissioned market analyst firm Canalys to conduct research and prepare a report to shed light on the latest developments, including the evolution of ADAS, the strategies of OEMs chasing new opportunities, and the role of legislation in the introduction of autonomous vehicles.
New ADAS applications, such as mirror replacement, driver drowsiness detection, and pedestrian protection systems, drive the need for enhanced image processing within the vehicle. Enabling these technologies requires an increasing number of cameras, with most high-end mass market vehicles expected to contain up to 12 cameras within the next few years.
Functional safety is a critical element in the design of any system that requires a high level of reliability. With our ecosystem partners, we provide technology that enables robust reliability through the application of functional safety. In a blog post by Neil Stroud, director of technology strategy at Arm, discover the ways in which Arm is supporting functional safety technology.