The Armv8-R architecture is the latest generation Arm architecture targeted at the real-time profile. It introduces virtualization at the highest security level while retaining the Protected Memory System Architecture (PMSA) based on a memory protection unit (MPU).
Major Features for Engineers in Armv8-R
The Armv8-R architecture introduces a number of features that allow you to design and implement high-performing processors for safety-critical environments. These include:
- No overlapping memory regions.
- New exception model compatible with the Armv8-A model.
- Virtualization with support for guest operating systems.
- Optionally, support for double-precision floating-point and advanced SIMD.
Armv8-R AArch64 is the latest R-Profile architecture that adds 64-bit execution capability and up to 48-bit physical addressing to the classic Arm real-time processor architecture. It includes optional Arm Neon technology, an advanced Single Instruction Multiple Data (SIMD) architecture extension to significantly accelerate machine learning (ML) workloads. For improved security, the Armv8-R AArch64 supports three Exception Levels (ELs) for compatibility with TrustZone-based systems.
The Armv7-R architecture implements a traditional Arm architecture with multiple modes and supports a Protected Memory System Architecture (PMSA) based on a memory protection unit (MPU). It supports the Arm (32) and Thumb (T32) instruction sets.
This architecture supports several extensions. These are:
- Multiprocessing Extensions. These are an optional set of extensions that provide a set of features that enhance multiprocessing functionality.
- Generic Timer Extension. This is an optional extension that provides a system timer and a low-latency register interface to it.
- Performance Monitors Extension. This extension defines a recommended performance monitors implementation and reserves register space for performance monitors.
Explore R-Profile Products
With real-time deterministic control, the Cortex-R processor series offers reliable, high-performance computing for functionally safe electronic systems, including production lines and human machine interfaces (HMI).