Company presentation of results to be webcast today at 9:30 am BST at www.arm.com/ir
CAMBRIDGE, UK, 25 July 2006 - ARM Holdings plc [(LSE: ARM); (Nasdaq: ARMHY)] announces its unaudited financial results for the second quarter and first half ended 30 June 2006 with total sterling revenues up 16% and normalised EPS up 25% for the first six months of 2006 compared to the same period in 2005
Financial Highlights – Q2 2006
Income before income tax
Earnings per share (pence)
Net cash generation**
Operating Highlights – Q2 2006
Commenting on the second quarter, Warren East, Chief Executive Officer, said:
“We are encouraged by the licensing activity we have seen in Q2 which generated a record bookings quarter for the group. Strong licensing of our newest processors and physical IP has helped to generate sequential increases of more than 15% in license revenues and more than 10% in the group’s order backlog. With good first half results behind us and a robust opportunity pipeline for licensing in the second half, we remain confident of achieving a year of strong growth for ARM in line with current market expectations”
Tim Score, Chief Financial Officer, added:
“Growth in revenue and earnings per share of 16% and 25% respectively in the first half of 2006 demonstrates again the long-term financial attractiveness of the ARM® business model. As well as investing organically in the quarter to accelerate technology innovation, we have also acquired a 3D graphics IP company and returned cash of £29m to shareholders via dividend and share buyback. We increased the amount spent on buying back ARM shares from £7m in Q1 to £22m in Q2 while retaining a robust balance sheet.”
Current trading and prospects
Licensing activity has continued to gather momentum during the first half of 2006 yielding a record bookings quarter in Q2. License deals are being signed for products across our processor and physical IP portfolios. In Q2 alone, we signed 7 licenses for ARM11™ products, 4 licenses for our new leading-edge Cortex™ products, and 5 physical IP platform licenses for nodes from 65nm to 0.18 micron.
After strong growth in revenues and profits in the first half, we enter the second half of the year with a healthy opportunity pipeline for licensing across the portfolio and good momentum behind royalty revenues. Based on our first half performance and prospects for the second half, we remain confident of achieving a year of strong growth for ARM in line with current market expectations.
Tom Buchanan/Fiona Laffan Tim Score/Bruce Beckloff
Brunswick ARM Holdings plc
+44 (0) 207 404 5959 +44 (0)1628 427800
* Normalised figures are US GAAP before acquisition-related charges, other share-based remuneration charges and profit on disposal of available-for-sale securities. For reconciliation of GAAP measures to normalised non-GAAP measures detailed in this document, see notes 7.1 to 7.25.
** Before dividends and share buybacks, net cash flows from share option exercises, acquisition consideration and proceeds from the disposal of available-for-sale securities - see notes 7.14 to 7.18.
*** Dollar revenues are based on the group’s actual dollar invoicing, where applicable, and using the rate of exchange applicable on the date of the transaction for invoicing in currencies other than dollars. Approximately 95% of invoicing is in dollars.
**** Each American Depositary Share (ADS) represents three shares.
(US GAAP unless otherwise stated)
Second quarter ended 30 June 2006
Total revenues for the second quarter of 2006 amounted to £65.7 million, up 14% versus the same period in 2005. In US dollar terms***, second quarter revenues were $119.7 million with an effective US dollar to sterling exchange rate in Q2 2006 of $1.82, the same effective rate as in Q2 2005.
Total license revenues in the second quarter were £28.6 million, representing 43% of group revenues, compared to £28.0 million in Q2 2005. License revenues comprised £19.9 million from the Processor Division (“PD”) and £8.7 million from the Physical IP Division (“PIPD”).
Total royalty revenues in Q2 2006 were £26.1 million, representing 40% of total group revenues, compared to £20.1 million in Q2 2005, an increase of 30%. Royalty revenues comprised £21.8 million from PD and £4.3 million from PIPD. Total PIPD royalties of £4.3 million included £0.6 million of catch-up royalties.
Development Systems and Service revenues
Sales of development systems in Q2 2006 were £7.1 million, representing 11% of total group revenue, compared to £6.3 million in Q2 2005, an increase of 13%. Service revenues in Q2 2006 were £3.9 million, representing 6% of total group revenues, compared to £3.4 million in Q2 2005.
Gross margins for the second quarter, excluding the FAS123(R) charge of £0.3 million (see below), were 89.1% compared to 89.3% in Q2 2005.
Operating expenses and operating margin
Total operating expenses in Q2 2006 are £46.4 million compared to £40.0 million in Q2 2005. Total operating expenses of £46.4 million in Q2 2006 include amortisation of intangible assets of £5.1 million (Q2 2005: £4.6 million) and £3.9 million in relation to the fair value of share-based remuneration in accordance with FAS123(R) – “Share-Based Payment”. Included within amortisation of intangible assets is £0.5 million in respect of the write-off of in-process research and development arising in Q2 2006. As FAS123(R) was effective for the first time in Q1 2006 and as ARM is applying the standard on the “modified prospective” basis, there is no directly equivalent charge in Q2 2005. Total operating expenses of £40.0 million in Q2 2005 did, however, include a deferred stock-based compensation charge of £2.1 million. A pro forma income statement is set out in notes 7.24 and 7.25 below which reconciles US GAAP to the normalised non-GAAP measures referred to in this earnings release.
The total FAS123(R) charge of £4.2 million in Q2 2006 is included within cost of revenues (£0.3 million), research and development (£2.4 million), sales and marketing (£0.8 million) and general and administrative (£0.7 million).
The commentary on operating expenses below excludes amortisation and share-based remuneration charges. Operating expenses in Q2 2006 were £37.4 million compared to £34.5 million in Q1 2006 and £33.2 million in Q2 2005. Of the sequential increase of £2.9 million in Q2, approximately £2.0 million arises as a result of foreign exchange impacts. A net charge of £0.7 million relating to foreign exchange impacts in Q2 2006 compares to a net credit of £1.3 million in Q1 2006. Excluding these foreign exchange impacts, operating expenses have increased from £35.8 million in Q1 2006 to £36.7 million in Q2 2006. Operating expenses also rose in Q2 as a result of a net increase in headcount of 100 in the quarter, including 36 new employees who joined the group through acquisition.
Research and development expenses were £15.0 million in Q2 2006, representing 23% of revenues, compared to £15.1 million in Q1 2006 and £15.8 million in Q2 2005. Sales and marketing costs in Q2 2006 were £9.8 million, being 15% of revenues, compared to £9.4 million in Q1 2006 and £8.3 million in Q2 2005. General and administrative expenses in Q2 2006 were £12.6 million, representing 19% of revenues, compared to £10.0 million in Q1 2006 and £9.2 million in Q2 2005. The sequential increase in operating expenses of £2.0 million arising from foreign exchange impacts described above falls within general and administrative expenses.
Normalised operating margin in Q2 2006 was 32.2%(7.1) compared to 35.6%(7.2) in Q1 2006 and 31.8%(7.3) in Q2 2005.
Interest receivable increased to £1.8 million in Q2 2006 compared to £1.2 million in Q2 2005, due to higher average cash balances and interest rates.
Earnings and taxation
Income before income tax in Q2 2006 was £19.0 million compared to £12.9 million in Q2 2005. After adjusting for amortisation of intangibles, stock-based compensation and the profit arising on the disposal of an available-for-sale security, normalised income before income tax in Q2 2006 was £23.0 million(7.6) compared to £19.6 million(7.8) in Q2 2005, an increase of 17%. The group’s effective tax rate under US GAAP in Q2 2006 was 25.2% reflecting the availability of research and development tax credits and taking into account the benefits arising from the structuring of the Artisan® acquisition.
Second quarter fully diluted earnings per share prepared under US GAAP were 1.0 pence (5.6 cents per ADS****) compared to earnings per share of 0.7 pence (3.8 cents per ADS****) in Q2 2005. Normalised earnings per fully diluted share in Q2 2006 were 1.22 pence(7.19,7.24) per share (6.8 cents per ADS****) compared to 1.05 pence(7.21,7.25) (5.6 cents per ADS****) in Q2 2005, an increase of 16%.
Balance sheet, cash flow, share buyback and interim dividend
Intangible assets at 30 June 2006 were £431.4 million, comprising goodwill of £366.6 million and other intangible assets of £64.8 million, compared to £381.7 million and £66.9 million respectively at 31 March 2006. Goodwill and intangible assets of £8.3 million and £6.2 million respectively arose as a result of the acquisition of Falanx Microsystems AS (“Falanx”) in the quarter . Goodwill is no longer amortised under US GAAP, but is subject to review for impairment on at least an annual basis. The intangible assets from acquisition are being amortised through the profit and loss account over a weighted average period of five years.
Total accounts receivable increased to £72.0 million at 30 June 2006, comprising £47.2 million of trade receivables and £24.8 million of amounts recoverable on contracts, compared to £61.0 million at 31 March 2006, comprising £38.5 million of trade receivables and £22.5 million of amounts recoverable on contracts. The allowance against trade receivables was £2.2 million at 30 June 2006 compared to £2.5 million at 31 March 2006. Days sales outstanding (DSOs) were 49 at 30 June 2006 compared to 45 at 31 March 2006 and 54 at 31 December 2005. The increase in DSOs in Q2 is due primarily to the higher proportion of invoicing carried out in June compared to March. Deferred revenues were £28.3 million at 30 June 2006 compared to £25.2 million at 31 March 2006.
Net cash at 30 June 2006 was £148.8(7.11) million compared to £182.3(7.12) million at 31 March 2006. During the quarter, £29.0 million of cash was returned to shareholders by way of the payment of the 2005 final dividend of £6.9 million and via purchase of own shares amounting to £22.1 million (up from £7.0 million in Q1 2006). Total cash consideration of £13.9 million was paid for acquisitions in Q2 with proceeds of £5.6 million arising from the disposal of available-for-sale investments. Pro forma cash generation of £1.8 million in the quarter was lower than usual due to the timing of working capital flows which are expected to reverse going forward and the impact of a weaker US dollar on period end cash balances.
In Q2 2006, the Company purchased 18.1 million shares at a total cost of £22.1 million. It is anticipated that the buyback program will resume after the announcement of these results.
In respect of the year to 31 December 2006, the directors are declaring an interim dividend of 0.40 pence per share, an increase of 18% over the 2005 interim dividend of 0.34 pence per share. This interim dividend will be paid on 6 October 2006 to shareholders on the register on 1 September 2006.
Total revenues for the half year ended 30 June 2006 amounted to £130.4 million, up 16% over the first half of 2005. In US dollar terms***, revenues of $232.6 million were up 11% versus the same period in 2005. The effective average dollar to sterling exchange rate in the first half of 2006 was $1.78 compared to $1.85 in the first half of 2005.
Total license revenues in the first half of 2006 were £53.8 million, being 41% of total revenues. Total royalty revenues were £54.2 million, representing 42% of total revenue. Sales of development systems were £15.0 million, being 11% of total revenues. Service revenues were £7.3 million, representing 6% of total revenues.
Operating expenses and operating margins
Total operating expenses in the first half of 2006 are £89.3 million compared to £77.2 million in the same period in 2005. Total operating expenses of £89.3 million in H1 2006 include amortisation of intangible assets of £9.7 million (H1 2005: £8.6 million) and £7.7 million in relation to the fair value of share-based remuneration in accordance with FAS123(R) – “Share-Based Payment” (H1 2005: Deferred stock-based compensation charge of £4.5 million).
The total FAS123(R) charge of £8.2 million in H1 2006 is included within cost of revenues (£0.5 million), research and development (£4.8 million), sales and marketing (£1.6 million) and general and administrative (£1.3 million). The commentary on operating expenses below excludes amortisation and share-based remuneration charges.
Operating expenses in H1 2006 were £71.9 million compared to £64.1 million in H1 2005. Research and development expenses were £30.1 million in H1 2006, representing 23% of revenues. Sales and marketing costs in H1 2006 were £19.2 million, being 15% of revenues. General and administrative expenses in H1 2006 were £22.6 million, representing 17% of revenues. Normalised operating margin in H1 2006 was 33.9%(7.4) compared to 32.1%(7.5) in H1 2005.
Interest receivable was £3.5 million in H1 2006, up from £2.2 million in H1 2005.
Income before income tax in the first half of 2006 was £35.1 million. Normalised income before income tax was £47.7 million(7.9), up 24% on the £38.5 million reported in H1 2005.
Fully diluted earnings per share under US GAAP in the first half of 2006 were 1.9 pence (10.3 cents per ADS****). Normalised earnings per fully diluted share were 2.50 (7.22) pence per share (13.9 cents per ADS****), an increase of 25% versus the same period in 2005.
International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)
ARM reports results quarterly in accordance with US GAAP. At 30 June and 31 December each year, in addition to the US GAAP results, ARM also discloses results under IFRS. The operating and financial review commentary above on the US GAAP numbers is for the most part applicable to the IFRS numbers. A summary of the accounting differences between IFRS and US GAAP and reconciliations of IFRS and US GAAP profit and shareholders’ equity are set out in note 6 to the financial statements below. Total operating expenses under IFRS include compensation charges in respect of share-based payments of £7.5 million in the first half of 2006 compared to £11.9 million in the same period in 2005. The reduction is primarily due to the compensation charges relating to options assumed on the Artisan acquisition which are reducing over time as those options vest.
21 processor licenses were signed in Q2 2006 bringing the total cumulative number of licenses signed to 434. The mix of licenses signed in the quarter shows a further strengthening of demand for Cortex processors as well as another strong performance from the ARM11 family. In addition to the processor licenses, one existing partner took a ARMv7 architecture license.
Nine of the 21 licenses signed were with new partners each taking one license and 12 licenses were signed with existing partners. Seven of the licenses were for ARM11 family processors (three of which were term licenses), three licenses were for Cortex-M3 processor (two term) and one license was for Cortex-A8 processor. The remaining ten licenses were for ARM7TM and ARM9 TM family processors of which two were term and four were per-use licenses.
In addition to the 21 processor licenses described above, one partner gained access to the Cortex-M3 processor through an existing subscription license.
ARM partners shipped 555 million units in Q1 2006 (we report royalties one quarter in arrears), up 50% on the comparable period last year. Of those unit shipments, 36% related to units based on ARM9 family technology, including 11% relating to shipments of ARM926 processor-based products, up from 9% in the previous quarter. By the end of Q1 2006, six partners were shipping ARM11 family-based product, yielding a 75% sequential increase in unit shipments. Four new partners started shipping ARM technology-based products in Q2 bringing the total number of shippers, after accounting for consolidation amongst the ARM partnership, to 69.
The mobile and non-mobile segments accounted for 67% and 33% of total shipments respectively in Q2 2006, compared to 65% and 35% in Q2 2005 and 63% and 37% in Q1 2006. The increase in the proportion of mobile shipments this quarter, which is counter to the long term trend of faster growth in non-mobile shipments, is due to the strong growth in shipments of smarter phones which invariably incorporate more than one ARM processor. There was a 4% sequential increase in mobile shipments in the quarter, including an 18% sequential increase in the number of ARM926 and ARM11 family-based phones shipped by OEMs.
Outside of mobile, the Embedded Solutions segment grew strongly with a 122% increase in shipments versus the same period in 2005. Specifically in the quarter, there was a 30% sequential increase in the level of MCU shipments. There was some post-Christmas seasonality seen in certain application areas such as printers, WiFi, DVDs, DTVs, portable audio and smartcards.
The average royalty rate in Q2 was 7.2 cents, the same level as in Q1 2006.
In Q2, ARM signed a further 24 licenses for physical IP bringing the total number of licenses to 243. Of the 24 licenses, five were for platform licenses to four foundries and one IDM (Integrated Device Manufacturer) consisting of two 65nm AdvantageTM Platforms, one 130nm Classic Platform, one 130nm MetroTM Platform and one 180nm Classic Platform. This brings the total number of physical IP platforms licensed to foundries and IDMs to 75.
The remaining 19 licenses were end-user licenses consisting of seven standard cell libraries (one Advantage at 90nm, two Classic and three Metro at 130nm, and one Metro at 180nm), eight memory compilers (three Advantage and one Metro at 90nm, three Classic at 130nm, and one Classic at 250nm), and four VelocityTM high speed PHYs (two at 90nm and two at 65nm). This brings the total number of end-user licensees for these technologies to 168.
PIPD royalties in Q2 were $7.9 million compared to $5.7 million in Q2 2005 and $8.4 million in Q1 2006. Q2 royalties included catch-up royalties of approximately $1 million giving underlying royalties in the quarter of $6.9 million compared to $7.8 million last quarter. The sequential decrease was due partly to lower utilisation levels in the semiconductor foundries in Q1 after a very strong Q4 and partly to the impact of a specific end user transitioning to a new process node.
The effect of the lower underlying royalties was offset by an increase in the quarter in catch-up royalties. We continue to benefit from the increased investment in royalty analysis and reconciliation. We expect some level of catch-up royalties to continue in future quarters, but quantum and frequency are difficult to forecast.
Development Systems sales in Q2 2006 were £7.1 million, compared to £7.9 million in Q1 2006 and £6.3 million in Q2 2005. Development Systems sales in H1 2006 were 13% ahead of the same period last year. The first half of 2006 also saw two major product launches of our market-leading tools technology: the ARM RealView® Development Suite version 3.0 for end-to-end pre-silicon development and the RealView Microcontroller Development Kit, combining the technology acquired with Keil® in October 2005 with the traditional ARM tools technology. Initial feedback on the new products has been positive and we expect sales momentum to grow in the second half of 2006 as market awareness of the new products increases.
Based on the positive impact of these product introductions and the increasing traction of both our electronic system-level design tools and our microcontroller tools we expect the growth trajectory seen in our Development Systems business in recent years to continue, notwithstanding the impact of occasional quarterly lumpiness and seasonality.
In May 2006, ARM acquired Falanx Microsystems AS, a 3D Graphics IP company headquartered in Trondheim, Norway. Falanx develops graphics accelerator IP and software for semiconductor system-on-chip (SoC) vendors that deliver high-quality multimedia images without compromising performance, power consumption or system cost. The acquisition enhances ARM’s ability to enable industry-leading 3D graphics solutions on mobile phones, portable media players, set-top boxes, handheld gaming devices and infotainment systems (including automotive), providing us with full control over the development of our future 3D graphics solutions.
In June 2006, ARM acquired the assets and trade of PowerEscape, a private company based in France and the US. The PowerEscape team, which will be integrated into our Development Systems business, will focus on adding innovative profiling and analysis features to our portfolio of market-leading development tools.
At 30 June 2006 we had 1,471 full time employees compared to 1,371 at the end of Q1 2006. Of the net increase in headcount of 100 in Q2, 29 arose as a result of the continued expansion of our Bangalore Design Centre and 36 were added through the acquisitions of Falanx and PowerEscape. At 30 June 2006, the group had 610 employees based in the UK, 523 in the US, 127 in Continental Europe, 162 in India and 49 in the Asia Pacific Region.
Mark Templeton, who joined the Board in December 2004 following the combination of ARM and Artisan, has informed the Board that he plans to take up a full-time executive role in the US as Chief Executive of a start-up company. It has been agreed therefore that he will retire from his position as a non-executive director of ARM with immediate effect. The Board is grateful to Mark for his contribution to the successful integration of ARM and Artisan.
There has been no update on the foregoing legal matter in Q2 2006. In May 2002, Nazomi Communications, Inc. (“Nazomi”) filed suit against ARM alleging willful infringement of Nazomi’s US Patent No. 6,332,215. ARM answered Nazomi’s complaint in July 2002 denying infringement. ARM moved for summary judgment and a ruling that the technology does not infringe Nazomi’s patent. The United States District Court for the Northern District of California granted ARM’s motion, and Nazomi appealed the District Court’s ruling. On 7 September 2004, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit heard the appeal and issued its decision on 11 April 2005. Because, in the opinion of the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, the District Court did not construe the disputed claim term in sufficient detail for appellate review, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit remanded the dispute back to the District Court for further analysis. A supplementary “Markman” hearing was held on 11 October 2005 and we are presently awaiting the ruling of the District Court. Based on legal advice received to date, ARM has no cause to believe that the effect of the original ruling by the District Court will not be upheld.
ARM Holdings PLC Second Quarter and Six Months Results 2006 Financial Tables (34K PDF )
International Financial Reporting Standards
The financial information prepared in accordance with the Group's IFRS accounting policies comprises the consolidated balance sheets as of 30 June 2006 and 30 June 2005 and related consolidated interim statements of income and cash flows for the six months then ended, together with related notes. This financial information has been prepared in accordance with the Listing Rules of the Financial Services Authority. In preparing this financial information management has used the principal accounting policies as set out in the Group’s annual financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2005. The Group has chosen not to adopt IAS 34, 'Interim financial statements', in preparing its 2006 interim statements and, therefore, this interim financial information is not in compliance with IFRS.
(2) Share-based compensation charges and acquisition-related expenses
Included within the US GAAP income statement for the quarter ended 30 June 2006 are share-based compensation charges of £4.2 million: £0.3 million in cost of revenues, £2.4 million in research and development costs, £0.8 million in sales and marketing costs and £0.7 million in general and administrative costs.
Included within the IFRS income statement for the six months ended 30 June 2006 are total share-based payment costs of £7.5 million (six months ended 30 June 2005: £11.9 million; year ended 31 December 2005: £20.9 million), allocated £0.5 million (six months ended 30 June 2005: £0.7 million; year ended 31 December 2005: £1.3 million) in cost of revenues, £4.3 million (30 June 2005: £6.9 million; 31 December 2005: £12.1 million) in research and development costs, £1.5 million (30 June 2005: £2.3 million; 31 December 2005: £4.2 million) in sales and marketing costs and £1.2 million (30 June 2005: £2.0 million; 31 December 2005: £3.3 million) in general and administrative costs.
Also included within IFRS operating costs for the six months ended 30 June 2006 is amortisation of intangibles of £9.5 million (six months ended 30 June 2005: £8.6 million; year ended 31 December 2005: £17.9 million), allocated £4.5 million (30 June 2005: £4.0 million; 31 December 2005: £8.1 million) in research and development costs, £4.7 million (30 June 2005: £4.3 million; 31 December 2005: £9.1 million) in sales and marketing costs and £0.3 million (30 June 2005: £0.3 million; 31 December 2005: £0.7 million) in general and administrative costs.
(3) Accounts receivable
Included within accounts receivable at 30 June 2006 are £24.8 million (2005: £20.5 million) of amounts recoverable on contracts.
(6) Summary of significant differences between US GAAP and IFRS
Goodwill Under both IFRS and US GAAP, goodwill is not subject to amortisation, but is tested at least annually for impairment. As permitted by IFRS 1, the Company’s goodwill under IFRS has been frozen at the amount recorded under UK GAAP as at 1 January 2004. Under US GAAP, following the provisions of SFAS 142, “Goodwill and other intangible assets”, the carrying value of goodwill was frozen at the amount recorded under previous US GAAP as at 1 January 2002. Under both previous US GAAP and UK GAAP, goodwill was amortised over its useful economic life. Thus, while ongoing accounting policies in respect of goodwill are similar under US GAAP and IFRS, the difference in the dates of transition means that different amounts of goodwill are recorded.
Under US GAAP, certain costs to be incurred on restructuring on business combination are treated as a fair value adjustment in the balance sheet acquired. Under IFRS, these costs are expensed post-acquisition. Additionally, under US GAAP, tax benefits arising from the exercise of options issued as part of the consideration for a business combination become a deduction to goodwill, only to the extent that those benefits do not exceed the fair value of the consideration relating to those options at the appropriate tax rate. Any excess tax benefits are a deduction to equity. Under IFRS, the full tax benefit is a deduction to equity.
The 2004 annual report included a provisional assessment of the fair values of assets and liabilities acquired on acquisition of Artisan Components Inc. on 23 December 2004. Where these provisional values were amended as estimates were refined in 2005, adjustments to fair values were recorded as prior year adjustments to goodwill for IFRS purposes in 2004. Under US GAAP, these were recorded as amendments to goodwill in 2005.
Recognition and amortisation of intangibles The Company has taken advantage of the exemption under IFRS 1 not to apply IFRS retrospectively to business combinations occurring before 1 January 2004. This means that for business combinations occurring before this date, the previously reported UK GAAP treatment has continued to be followed. Under previous UK GAAP, intangible assets were recognised separately from goodwill only where they could be sold separately without disposing of a business of the entity. This separability criterion does not apply under either IFRS or US GAAP. Thus, a number of intangible assets which are required to be recognised separately from goodwill under both IFRS 3 and SFAS 142, were subsumed within goodwill under UK GAAP. Under both US GAAP and IFRS, such intangible assets are amortised over their useful economic lives. Except in relation to in-process research and development (see below), there is no difference in accounting policy for intangible assets recognised as a result of business combinations entered into after 1 January 2004.
In-process research and development Under IFRS, in-process research and development projects purchased as part of a business combination may meet the criteria set out in IAS 38, “Intangible assets”, for recognition as intangible assets other than goodwill and are amortised over their useful economic lives commencing when the asset is brought into use. Under US GAAP, in-process research and development is immediately written-off to the income statement. This accounting policy difference gives rise to an associated difference in deferred taxation.
Valuation of consideration on business combination Under both IFRS and US GAAP, the fair value of consideration in a business combination includes the fair value of both equity issued and any share options granted as part of that combination. Under IFRS, any equity issued is valued at the fair value as of the date of completion, whilst under US GAAP, the equity is valued at the date the terms of the combination were agreed to and announced. For options, under US GAAP, the fair value is based upon the total number of options granted, both vested and unvested, whilst under IFRS the fair value only includes those that have vested, together with a pro-rata value for partially vested options. Furthermore, where there is contingent consideration for an acquisition, under IFRS this is recognised as part of the purchase consideration if the contingent conditions are expected to be satisfied, whilst under US GAAP it is only recognised if the conditions have actually been met.
Deferred compensation Under US GAAP, the intrinsic value of unvested stock options issued by an acquirer as part of a business combination in exchange for unvested share options of the acquiree is recorded as a debit balance within shareholders’ funds. This amount is charged to the profit and loss account over the vesting period of the share options in accordance with FIN 28. Under IFRS, no such adjustment to shareholders’ funds is made on acquisition.
Compensation charge in respect of share-based payments The Company issues equity-settled share-based payments to certain employees. In accordance with IFRS 2, equity-settled share-based payments are measured at fair value at the date of grant, using the Black-Scholes pricing model. The fair value determined at the grant date of the equity-settled share-based payments is expensed on a straight-line basis over the vesting period, based on the Company’s estimate of the number of shares that will eventually vest. Under US GAAP, the Company is required, effective as of 1 January 2006, to adopt SFAS No. 123 (revised 2004) (SFAS No. 123R), “Share-based payment”. SFAS No. 123R requires the Company to expense share-based payments, including employee stock-options, based on their fair value. The Company has elected to utilise the “modified prospective” method of adoption, such that compensation cost is recognised beginning with the effective date (i) based on the requirements of SFAS No. 123R for all share-based payments granted after the effective date and (ii) based on the requirements of SFAS No. 123, “Accounting for stock-based compensation”, for all awards granted to employees prior to the effective date of SFAS No. 123R that remain unvested on the effective date.
In 2005 under US GAAP, the company had elected to use the intrinsic value-based method to account for all its employee stock-based compensation plans, under the recognition and measurement principles of APB Opinion No. 25, “Accounting for stock issued to employees”, and related interpretations. Thus no compensation expense was recorded in 2005 where the exercise price of the option was equal to the share price on the date of grant.
In 2005 under US GAAP, the Company recognised a compensation charge in respect of the UK SAYE plans. The compensation charge was calculated as the difference between the market price of the shares at the date of grant and the exercise price of the option and was recorded on a straight-line basis over the savings period. In addition, certain options attracted a charge under variable plan accounting under US GAAP. Under IFRS, this charge is calculated in the same manner as other share-based payments, as detailed above.
In 2005 under US GAAP, the Company followed variable plan accounting for grants under the Company’s LTIP, measuring compensation expense as the difference between the exercise price and the fair market value of the shares at each period end over the vesting period of the options. Increases in fair market value of the shares resulted in a charge and decreases in fair market value of the shares resulted in a credit, subject to the cumulative amount previously expensed. Under IFRS, this charge is calculated in the same manner as other share-based payments, as detailed above.
Deferred tax on UK and US share options In the US and the UK, the Company is entitled to a tax deduction for the amount treated as employee compensation under US and UK tax rules on exercise of certain employee share options. The compensation is equivalent to the difference between the option exercise price and the fair market value of the shares at the date of exercise.
Under IFRS, deferred tax assets are recognised and are calculated by comparing the estimated amount of tax deduction to be obtained in the future (based on the Company’s share price at the balance sheet date) with the cumulative amount of the compensation expense recorded in the income statement. If the amount of estimated future tax deduction exceeds the cumulative amount of the compensation expense at the statutory tax rate, the excess is recorded directly in equity, against the profit and loss reserve. In accordance with the transitional provisions of IFRS 2, no compensation charge is recorded in respect of options granted before 7 November 2002 or in respect of those options which have been exercised or have lapsed before 31 December 2004. Nevertheless, tax deductions have arisen and will continue to arise on these options. The tax effects arising in relation to these options are recorded directly in equity, against retained earnings.
Under US GAAP, deferred tax assets are recognised by multiplying the compensation expense recorded by the prevailing tax rate in the relevant tax jurisdiction. Where, on exercise of the relevant option, the tax benefit obtained exceeds the deferred tax asset in relation to the relevant options, the excess is recorded in additional paid-in capital. Where the tax benefit is less than the deferred tax asset, the write-down of the deferred tax asset is recorded against additional paid-in capital to the extent of previous excess tax benefits recorded in this account, with any remainder recorded in the income statement.
Employer taxes on share options Under IFRS, employer’s taxes that are payable on the exercise of share options are provided for over the vesting period of the options. Under US GAAP, such taxes are accounted for when the options are exercised.
Summary of significant differences between US GAAP and IFRS(Financial Tables) (35K PDF)
We have been instructed by the company to review the financial information for the six months ended 30 June 2006 which comprises the consolidated interim balance sheet as at 30 June 2006 and the related consolidated interim statements of income, cash flows and changes in shareholders' equity for the six months then ended and related notes. We have read the other information contained in the interim report and considered whether it contains any apparent misstatements or material inconsistencies with the financial information.
The interim report, including the financial information contained therein, is the responsibility of, and has been approved by the directors. The Listing Rules of the London Stock Exchange require that the accounting policies and presentation applied to the interim figures should be consistent with those applied in preparing the preceding annual accounts except where any changes, and the reasons for them, are disclosed.
This interim report has been prepared in accordance with the basis set out in Note 1.
Review work performed
We conducted our review in accordance with guidance contained in Bulletin 1999/4 issued by the Auditing Practices Board for use in the United Kingdom. A review consists principally of making enquiries of group management and applying analytical procedures to the financial information and underlying financial data and, based thereon, assessing whether the disclosed accounting policies have been applied. A review excludes audit procedures such as tests of controls and verification of assets, liabilities and transactions. It is substantially less in scope than an audit and therefore provides a lower level of assurance. Accordingly we do not express an audit opinion on the financial information. This report, including the conclusion, has been prepared for and only for the company for the purpose of the Listing Rules of the Financial Services Authority and for no other purpose. We do not, in producing this report, accept or assume responsibility for any other purpose or to any other person to whom this report is shown or into whose hands it may come save where expressly agreed by our prior consent in writing.
On the basis of our review we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the financial information as presented for the six months ended 30 June 2006.
25 July 2006
(a) The maintenance and integrity of the ARM Holdings plc web site is the responsibility of the directors; the work carried out by the auditors does not involve consideration of these matters and, accordingly, the auditors accept no responsibility for any changes that may have occurred to the interim report since it was initially presented on the web site.
(b) Legislation in the United Kingdom governing the preparation and dissemination of financial information may differ from legislation in other jurisdictions.
The results shown for Q2 2006, Q1 2006, Q2 2005, H1 2006 and H1 2005 are unaudited. The results shown for FY 20005 are audited. The financial information contained in this announcement does not constitute statutory accounts within the meaning of Section 240(3) of the Companies Act 1985. Statutory accounts of the Company in respect of the financial year ended 31 December 2005, upon which the Company’s auditors have given a report which was unqualified and did not contain a statement under Section 237(2) or Section 237(3) of that Act, have been delivered to the Registrar of Companies.
Except for changes in accounting policy on the adoption of new accounting standards, as disclosed, the results for ARM for Q2 2006 and previous quarters as shown reflect the accounting policies as stated in Note 1 to the US GAAP financial statements in the Annual Report and Accounts filed with Companies House in the UK for the fiscal year ended 31 December 2005 and in the Annual Report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended 31 December 2005.
This document contains forward-looking statements as defined in section 102 of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are subject to risk factors associated with the semiconductor and intellectual property businesses. When used in this document, the words “anticipates”, “may”, “can”, “believes”, “expects”, “projects”, “intends”, “likely”, similar expressions and any other statements that are not historical facts, in each case as they relate to ARM, its management or its businesses and financial performance and condition are intended to identify those assertions as forward-looking statements. It is believed that the expectations reflected in these statements are reasonable, but they may be affected by a number of variables, many of which are beyond our control. These variables could cause actual results or trends to differ materially and include, but are not limited to: failure to realise the benefits of our recent acquisitions, unforeseen liabilities arising from our recent acquisitions, price fluctuations, actual demand, the availability of software and operating systems compatible with our intellectual property, the continued demand for products including ARM’s intellectual property, delays in the design process or delays in a customer’s project that uses ARM’s technology, the success of our semiconductor partners, loss of market and industry competition, exchange and currency fluctuations, any future strategic investments or acquisitions, rapid technological change, regulatory developments, ARM’s ability to negotiate, structure, monitor and enforce agreements for the determination and payment of royalties, actual or potential litigation, changes in tax laws, interest rates and access to capital markets, political, economic and financial market conditions in various countries and regions and capital expenditure requirements.
More information about potential factors that could affect ARM’s business and financial results is included in ARM’s Annual Report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended 31 December 2005 including (without limitation) under the captions, “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” which is on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and available at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.
ARM designs the technology that lies at the heart of advanced digital products, from mobile, home and enterprise solutions to embedded and emerging applications. ARM’s comprehensive product offering includes 16/32-bit RISC microprocessors, data engines, 3D processors, digital libraries, embedded memories, peripherals, software and development tools, as well as analog functions and high-speed connectivity products. Combined with the company’s broad Partner community, they provide a total system solution that offers a fast, reliable path to market for leading electronics companies. More information on ARM is available at http://www.arm.com.
ARM, ARM Powered, RealView and Keil are registered trademarks of ARM Limited. ARM7, ARM9, ARM11, Cortex, Advantage, Metro and Velocity are trademarks of ARM Limited. Artisan Components and Artisan are registered trademarks of ARM Physical IP, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of ARM. All other brands or product names are the property of their respective holders. ARM refers to ARM Holdings plc (LSE: ARM and Nasdaq: ARMHY) together with its subsidiaries including ARM Limited, ARM Inc., ARM Physical IP Inc., Axys Design Automation Inc., Axys GmbH, ARM KK, ARM Korea Ltd, ARM Taiwan Ltd, ARM France SAS, ARM Consulting (Shanghai) Co. Ltd., ARM Belgium NV., ARM Embedded Technologies Pvt. Ltd.; Keil Elektronik GmbH and Falanx Microsystems AS.